Nepal is located in South Asia between China in the north and India in the south, east, and west. While the total land area is 147,181 sq. km including the water area of the country that is 3,830 sq. km. The geographical coordinates are 28°00′N 84°00′E. Nepal falls in the temperate zone north of the Tropic of Cancer. Nepal’s ecological zones run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south, and is vertically intersected by the river systems. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: The Himalayan region, the mid-hill region, and the Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m).
Nepal is surrounded by China to the north and India to the south, east and west. Nepal is located in the Himalayas and is the home to the eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains including Mount Everest, the highest point on the earth.
Nepal is commonly divided into three physic graphic areas: Mountain, Hill, and Terai. These ecological belts run east-west and are vertically intersected by Nepal’s major, north to south flowing river systems.
Nepal has five climatic zones, broadly corresponding to the altitudes. The tropical and sub-tropical zones lie below 1,200 meters, the temperature zone 1,200 to 2,400 meters, the cold zone 2,400 to 3,600 meters, the subarctic zone 3,600 to 4,400 meters and the arctic zone above 4,400 meters.
Nepal experiences five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter, and spring. The Himalaya blocks cold winds from Central Asia in the winter and forms the northern limit of the monsoon wind patterns.
Nepal is popular for mountaineering, having some of the highest and most challenging mountains in the world, including Mount Everest. Technically, the south-east ridge on the Nepali side of the mountain is easier to climb; so most climbers prefer to trek to Everest through Nepal.
Nepal's GDP for 2012 was estimated at over $17.921 billion. In 2010, agriculture accounted for 36.1%, services comprised 48.5% and industry 15.4% of Nepal’s GDP. While agriculture and industry are contracting, the contribution to the service sector is increasing.