Nepal is located in South Asia between China in the north and India in the south, east, and west. While the total land area is 147,181 sq. km including the water area of the country that is 3,830 sq. km. The geographical coordinates are 28°00′N 84°00′E. Nepal falls in the temperate zone north of the Tropic of Cancer. Nepal’s ecological zones run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south, and is vertically intersected by the river systems. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: The Himalayan region, the mid-hill region, and the Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m).
Nepal is surrounded by China to the north and India to the south, east and west. Nepal is located in the Himalayas and is the home to the eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains including Mount Everest, the highest point on the earth.
Nepal is commonly divided into three physic graphic areas: Mountain, Hill, and Terai. These ecological belts run east-west and are vertically intersected by Nepal’s major, north to south flowing river systems.
Nepal has five climatic zones, broadly corresponding to the altitudes. The tropical and sub-tropical zones lie below 1,200 meters, the temperature zone 1,200 to 2,400 meters, the cold zone 2,400 to 3,600 meters, the subarctic zone 3,600 to 4,400 meters and the arctic zone above 4,400 meters.
Nepal experiences five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter, and spring. The Himalaya blocks cold winds from Central Asia in the winter and forms the northern limit of the monsoon wind patterns.
Nepal is popular for mountaineering, having some of the highest and most challenging mountains in the world, including Mount Everest. Technically, the south-east ridge on the Nepali side of the mountain is easier to climb; so most climbers prefer to trek to Everest through Nepal.
Nepal’s economic freedom score is 53.8, making its economy the 136th freest in the 2019 Index. Its overall score has decreased by 0.3 point, with lower scores for trade freedom and government spending exceeding improvements in labor freedom and monetary freedom. Nepal is ranked 34th among 43 countries in the Asia–Pacific region, and its overall score is below the regional and world averages.
National Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
Type of Economy:Low-income economy
The country is prey to political disturbances which strongly affect the economy; Economy heavily dependent on trade with India.
GDP(billions USD) : 33.92 (Source: IMF – World Economic Outlook Database, 2020)
GDP(Constant Prices, Annual % Change) :6.3 (Source: IMF – World Economic Outlook Database, 2020)
GDP per Capita(USD) : 1,177 (Source: IMF – World Economic Outlook Database, 2020)
General Government Gross Debt(in % of GDP) :34.9 (Source: IMF – World Economic Outlook Database, 2020)
Inflation Rate(%) : 6.1 (Source: IMF – World Economic Outlook Database, 2020)
Employment By Sector(in % of Total Employment) : Agriculture (69.8), Industry (13.2), Services (17.1) (Source: World Bank, Latest available data.)
Value Added(in % of GDP) : Agriculture (25.3), Industry (13.5), Services (51.5) (Source: World Bank, Latest available data.)
If the jungles of the southem plains provide close encounters of the wild kind, the mountains in the north offer unbeatable scenic allures. One in every four visitors to Nepal goes trekking. Walking through the picturesque foothills of the Himalaya is an experience guaranteed to change your out look of things. The treks last from a few days to a few weeks and reach elevations in excess of 5000 m.
Trekking trails like the Everest trek take you to the base of the world’s tallest peak, and the Annapurna Circuit, which starts and ends at the lakeside resort town of Pokhara in west central Nepal, takes you through the word’s deepest gorge and all around the Annapurna mountains. Treks in Mustang offer stark landscapes and bizarre rock formations of the Tibetan Plateau. Treks can be tailored to any need or interest: animal watching or people watching, a light or leisurely schedule, thrills or relaxation.
White water rafting means bouncing down a river in an inflatable rubber raft over crashing waves and swirling rapids for the excitement of a lifetime. Since the entire country is like a steep incline, the rivers that thunder down form the high Himalaya churn with extra ferocity to provide some of the fastest and most challenging white waters of melting glaciers, the agitated rivers crash down montain gorges and pass through hills, valleys and jungles on their way to the plains in the south . As they flow between ever changing landsapes, they offer a tableau of flora and fauna.
River running is thus a terrific way to enjoy Nepal’s natural beauty an observe its rural lifestyles- and from a perspective that may not be avallable to a trekker. Rafting is also a cultural experience. Rivers are held sacred in Nepal, and many religious ceremonies are performed on their banks. River confluences are major pilgrimage sites where devotees take holy dips.
More than 10% of Nepal’s total land area is covered by national parks and wildlife reserves. Over 30 species of large wild animals and 180 species of mammals make their home here. Rare wildlife like the Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris),one -hurned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros uncornis), gharial crocodile (Crocodile palustries) and the snow leopard (Panthera uncia) lurk in Nepal’s Jungles.
The Kingdom is also home to more than 800 species of birds, or about 10% of the world total. Nepal has nearly as many different kinds of birds as the whole of North America. Endangered verieties like the Bengal florican, Sarus crane and swamp patridge thrill nature lovers.Egrets herons,wren babblers, green babblers, blue magpies, Himalayan vultutres and other magnificient species criss-cross the skies of Nepal. The Chitwan National Park is one of the richest wildlife habitats of Asia. Here you can go on elephant-back safari to view wild animals and a variety of birds.